Type 2 Diabetes
Also known as non-insulin-dependent or adult-onset diabetes
Unlike type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes is a metabolic form of the disease. Caused by risk factors such as morbid obesity, cardiovascular disorders, poor diet and a sedentary lifestyle, type 2 diabetes is the most common form of the disease in North America and affects close to 58 million Americans. Type 2 diabetes takes the form of insulin resistance, causing the cells of the body to resist insulin regulation and leading to high blood sugar and eventually loss of circulation, loss of sight and even death.
Diabetes type 2 is seen mostly in adults, so it is known as adult-onset diabetes. Unlike those with type 1, people with type 2 diabetes are usually obese and can display high blood pressure and high triglycerides in the blood. However, not all who have type 2 diabetes are obese or unhealthy. As a result of gestational diabetes, some women may contract type 2 after delivery. Other adults may contract it due to genetic tendency or as a complication of medication or other pre-existing conditions. Since this is the most common form of diabetes, information about prevention is extremely important to stop the spread of this disease.
Treatment for adult diabetes
Symptoms of type II diabetes may include chronic fatigue, excessive urine production, excessive thirst (especially for cold or ice water), blurred vision, unexplained weight loss, lethargy, itching of genitalia and excessive bowel movements. Often, early signs of diabetes do not include any of the above, but the patient may feel tired or like he or she has the flu.
Since type 2 diabetes is not dependent on insulin therapy, it can often be controlled with strict diet and exercise regimens. A low-carb diet is extremely important to help control the disease. Blood sugar must be tested multiple times a day, and your doctor may insist that you avoid sweets and coffee to avoid blood sugar fluctuation. In more severe cases, medication such as Metformin may be prescribed to help regulate blood sugar. A healthy lifestyle and weight loss, however, can go a long way in helping to control this disease.